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Until The Sun Rises: US violates deal, Iran cuts off communication

by Betul Duru - Copy Editor
Tue, Nov 12th 2019 09:00 pm

On July 14, 2015, former President Barack Obama entered The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). The JCPOA was an agreement between Iran and the P5+1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States). 

As long as Iran restricted its nuclear program, the U.S. would halt economic sanctions against Iran’s oil and banking sector, which would allow Iranian banks and companies to reconnect with the international system. Apart from this, there were many advantages to both sides as long as they went along with the treaty. Iran would be able to return to the international system with the sanctions lifted and the P5+1 would have the knowledge the manufacturer of nuclear weapons halted. 

However, according to the Arms Control Association, “on May 8, 2018, President Trump announced the United States would withdraw from the JCPOA and reinstate U.S. nuclear sanctions on the Iranian regime.” 

Trump said his aim with pulling out of the deal was to negotiate a better agreement for the United States with a maximum pressure policy, according to The Independent. 

In the past years, Washington D.C. established the sanctions “aimed at halting all Iranian oil exports, saying it seeks to force Iran to negotiate to reach a wider deal,” according to Reuters. 

However, Iran responded to Trump with resistance. Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei rejected speaking with the U.S. and has renewed the ban on talks. 

“One way to block America’s political infiltration is to ban any talks with America. It means Iran will not yield to America’s pressure,” Khamenei said on state TV according to Reuters. “Those who believe that negotiations with the enemy will solve our problems are 100% wrong.” 

On Wednesday, Nov. 6, Iran restarted its process of making nuclear weapons by reopening its underground Fordow plant. According to Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, this can be reversed if the P5+1 eases the impact of the U.S. 

“Growth is plunging, oil revenues are dipping and medicines are in short supply — which Trump’s backers see as proof that the policy is working perfectly,” according to CNN. “Soon, they say, Tehran will come crawling back for a deal on Trump’s terms.” 

However, Trump’s maximum pressure might do more harm than good. As Trump is baiting Iran, the country is moving away from the deal. The manufacturing of nuclear weapons will be unpleasant for everyone involved and even those that weren’t. 

According to the Independent, even though Iran is in the process of producing nuclear weapons, the world is currently more sympathetic toward Iran than the U.S. 

“Iran stayed strictly committed to the nuclear deal for a year, after the U.S. left the deal and violated its terms,” the Independent stated. 

The JCPOA was an agreement between the two groups with the intention of halting the manufacture of destructive weapons. Putting crippling sanctions on a country only so they can crawl back to the table for a better deal with the U.S. seems to benefit the U.S. and no one else. Iran’s deal is surprising only because it waited a whole year to restart their manufacturing process of nuclear weapons. The U.S.’s first policy might be hurting the world once again. 

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